300: The Empire by Theo Papas PDF

By Theo Papas

Kingdom. Freedom. Democracy.
How a lot might you sacrifice to guard them?

480 B. C.
Proud Xerxes, Emperor of Persia and King of Kings, invades Greece with 1000000 squaddies. He instructions millions of ships and is supported by means of dozens of allies, between them the fascinating Queen Artemisia.
Against him stand a couple of Greek combatants and made up our minds males - Leonidas and his 300 Spartans on dry land, the personification of bravery and patriotism; and Themistocles and the fleet of Athens at the sea, the incarnation of ingenuity and approach.
Can they cease him?

WAR. HEROISM. SELF SACRIFICE. VICTORY.

An epic e-book in regards to the first nice struggle in background, a conflict that determined the destiny of humanity, western civilization and democracy.
A tricky yet deeply human novel approximately honor, dignity and tragic love overwhelmed among the blade of a sword and the blood of conflict.

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Additional resources for 300: The Empire

Sample text

Macedon was not the first among Greek mainland states to have a standing and professional army. Argos maintained a chosen group of soldiers called the logades in the fifth century (Thuc. 2). The Arcadians had established a core of trained and maintained troops, called the eparitoi, at the inception of the Arcadian confederacy in 369 BC, and Elis had also employed such specialists (Xen. Hell. 34). Thebes had a similar group of men in their 300-strong Sacred Band. Even Athens maintained a picked body of chosen men, the epilektoi (Plut.

Tact. 2. See also Diod. 3). It is very close to a modern definition of a mercenary as it incorporates ideas of both remuneration and foreignness. Arrian used misthophoros and xenos to describe several of Alexander’s mercenaries, sometimes one term and sometimes the other. Then again, he used both terms to describe some of Alexander’s mercenaries (xenoi-misthophoroi). The reason has proved problematic for some historians. He may have used foreign wage-earners (xenoi-misthophoroi) to distinguish one group of mercenaries from other ordinary misthophoroi.

Foreign wage-earners (xenoi misthophoroi) are listed separately from the other (Greek) wage-earners (misthophoroi) in the order of battle at Gaugamela in 331 BC (Arr. Anab. 4). Perhaps the terms did distinguish between Greeks and non-Greeks on the battlefield or Arrian’s source had made a distinction for simplicity between separate mercenary units. Whatever the answer, most significantly, foreign wage-earner (xenos-misthophoros) categorized a mercenary with more clarity than previous terminology.

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