By John W. I. Lee
Professor Lee presents a social and cultural background of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got frequently been portrayed as a unmarried summary political group, this booklet unearths that lifestyles within the military used to be usually formed through a collection of smaller social groups: the formal unit organization of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic family members among the warriors, gear and delivery, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and remedy, and lots of different issues. It additionally accords unique recognition to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historic literary and archaeological facts, historical and sleek comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and sleek battle reviews. This ebook is key analyzing for someone engaged on historic Greek battle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.
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Additional resources for A Greek army on the march : soldiers and survival in Xenophon's Anabasis
In December; see Republic of Turkey (1977). 227. 225. Even in intense winters, the Zigana pass, by which the Cyreans probably crossed, remains practicable. 220–1. 32 A Greek Army on the March for marching. 88 Only after the Cyreans had reached the Euxine in January would they again see more than ten hours of light a day. Anatolia’s human landscape also shaped the army’s behavior during this period. 89 Otherwise, Anatolia was a world of scattered villages and fortified strongholds. For larger sites, there exists a modicum of archaeological evidence.
38 In less than a week the Cyreans would be forming line of battle at Cunaxa. 39 Drawing water, though, was no simple matter of stepping from road to riverbank. Instead, the Cyreans’ path ran roughly parallel to but at some distance, perhaps up to a kilometer, from the Euphrates channel. Between them and it were rocks, occasional bluffs, and numerous short gullies. Only some gullies had slopes gentle enough to permit access to marshy bays at the river’s edge. Not even a Persian prince could compel geology to shape access points at regular intervals, so the army had to make daily marches of varying length in order to reach spots where it could reach water.
For the Cyreans, there was no hint of what was to come. central anatolia The fourth period of the campaign, from the entry into Carduchia in midOctober 401 until the arrival at Trapezus in early February 400 bc, was the most grueling. To begin with, there were the hills and mountains of southern Anatolia. Aside from short climbs to reach the Cilician and Syrian Gates, and the gentle ascent up and down the Syrian plateau, the Cyreans had heretofore traversed mostly level ground. 58 This was no steady uphill hike, either.