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By P. J. Rhodes

This booklet supplies an obtainable account of classical Greek heritage, from the aftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 bc to the loss of life of Alexander the nice in 323 bc.Covers political and army occasions, together with: the flourishing of democracy in Athens; the Peloponnesian battle, which concerned the entire Greek international; and the conquests of Alexander the Great.Deals with social, fiscal and cultural advancements in addition to political and armed forces events.Combines research with narrative.Details the facts on which the account relies and the concerns that have to be born in brain in utilizing this evidence.Written by way of P. J. Rhodes, who has been instructing and writing on Greek background for over forty years.The book’s readability and directness make it perfect for direction use.

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VIII. iii. 2) and in 471/0 by Diodorus’ chronological source (XI. 54. There already existed both a town of Elis and an Elean state before, and some at least of the other towns in the region continued to exist afterwards: there may have been a greater concentration of political power in the town of Elis, and some movement accompanied by a change in the balance of power within the citizen body, but the evidence does not point to a dramatic change. Elis may already at this time have dominated as perioikoi (subordinate ‘dwellers around’) some communities to the east, and some near Olympia: in the middle of the fifth century it extended its influence over the whole of the later Triphylia (Hdt.

W. Reece, ‘The Date of the Fall of Ithome’, JHS lxxxii 1962, 111–20 (ten years, beginning where Thucydides mentions it), against N. G. L. Hammond, ‘Studies in Greek Chronology of the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BC’, Hist. iv 1955, 371–411 at 371–81 = his Collected Studies, i. 355–95 at 355–65, and R. Sealey, ‘The Great Earthquake in Lacedaemon’, Hist. vi 1957, 368–71 (different versions of ten years, ending where Thucydides mentions it). ) 462/1 Themistocles commands in Persian War Aristides and Xanthippus command in Persian War Aristides organises Delian League Aeschylus’ Persians Aeschylus’ Suppliant Women Ephialtes’ reform of Areopagus; Athenian help rejected by Sparta Aeschylus’ Oresteian plays 458 450 425 400 375 350 325 300 Themistocles and Others In 480 Themistocles commanded Athens’ forces against the Persians; and, it is alleged, when the Greek generals voted to choose a ‘man of the campaign’, everybody voted for himself first and Themistocles second, and in Sparta he was honoured like no other foreigner (Hdt.

Iv, 68. i). But more than that is found in later sources. An oath claimed to have been sworn before the battle was inscribed on stone in the fourth century as an oath of the Athenians (R&O 88. 21–51), and is quoted as an oath of the Greeks by the fourth-century orator Lycurgus (Leocrates 80–1) and by Diodorus (XI. 29. ii–iii), but was rejected as a fabrication by the fourth-century historian Theopompus (FGrH 115 F 153). The literary versions include an undertaking to leave temples destroyed by the Persians in ruins as a war memorial (known also to Isocrates, as a resolution of the Ionians: IV.

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