By Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II
Drawing on generally unpublished files, A kingdom Collapses revises the conventional knowing of a severe second within the heritage of global struggle II: the cave in of the Italian fascist regime and Italy's unconditional quit in September 1943. The e-book argues that, in the course of their mystery negotiations sooner than the overthrow of Mussolini in July 1943, either Italy and Britain negotiated in undesirable religion and with loads of duplicity. The ensuing misunderstandings and misjudgments led to an abruptly lengthy and brutal crusade of conquest following Italy's hand over.
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Extra info for A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943
Thus he tried to capitalize on the success of the Sicilian landing, though he was aware of the risk implied in a frontal confrontation with the enemy forces on the mainland. For this reason, Eisenhower became the main advocate of an armistice with Italy after Mussolini fell. Italy's departure from the war would have eliminated some of the forces the Allies would have A Nation Collapses to face at Salerno and would have demoralized the remaining German troops. 6. The Landing in Sicily and the Crisis of the Italian Army General Ambrosio appeared aware that the Italian armed forces would not be able to resist an Anglo-American attack on the peninsula after their severe defeats on all fronts.
Disagreements between the British and Americans on Military Strategy for the Mediterranean: From the Casablanca Conference to the Landing in Sicily In facing the problem of defeating the Axis powers, the British and American governments held substantially different assumptions and strategic objectives. The British favored limited attacks of Axis forces on the periphery, while the Americans were pushing for a direct attack on Germany through northern France. During the war, the plans initially drawn up by the alliance underwent continual changes in response to the general situation, the growing weight of the Soviet Union in the war against Germany and Stalin's capacity to influence the choices of his Western Allies.
The landing was prepared amid uncertainty and danger, to which was added a profound sense among the Allies of their own weakness. 76 The decision to land in Sicily brought with it the problem of what kind of occupation should be imposed on Italy. Up to that moment, the United States had delegated the management of Italian political affairs to the British. In the spring of 1943, the Americans began to change their position of substantial detachment from Italian domestic matters. 77 The Foreign Office decisively opposed the increasingly insistent proposals from the Special Operations Executive and the Allied Force Headquarters in Algiers to soften the tone of propaganda to Italy so as to encourage the Italians to request surrender.