Toril Aalberg's Achieving Justice: Comparative Public Opinions on Income PDF

By Toril Aalberg

This paintings presents a comparative research of public ideals approximately social justice. What can clarify the cross-national diversifications, and if reviews do switch through the years, why is that this so? this article may be of curiosity to these attracted to the connection among public opinion and political elite.

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Extra resources for Achieving Justice: Comparative Public Opinions on Income Distribution (International Comparative Social Studies) (International Comparative Social Studies)

Example text

The principal concern of questions of distributive justice is how collective burdens and benefits should be divided between members of society. This chapter offers an introductory review of these principles. The first part will present and define important concepts, and distinguish two kinds of distributive principles, the formal principles and the material principles. 1 The reason for doing this is that equity, need and equality are usually recognised as the three main principles of justice, while the Rawlsian and utilitarian principles represent axioms from two of the most important and general theories of justice.

The questionnaires are sent to governments for transmission to the reporting agencies, which are requested to supply information for as many of the occupations and items as possible. 7 Plan of the study In order to test the various arguments, questions and hypotheses presented in this chapter, the subsequent chapters will focus on the empirical study of public opinion, with Chapter 2 being the only exception. In order to reveal the relationship between empirical research and normative theory in later chapters, Chapter 2 will present a purely theoretical approach to the various principles of distributive justice.

Perelman (1963) describes this as an attempt to establish the formal principle of justice. The most fundamental element of comparative justice is its formal principle, which is usually attributed to Aristotle: Equals should be treated equally and unequals unequally – but in proportion to their relevant similarities and differences: If what is unjust is unequal, what is just is equal; as is universally accepted even without the support of argument. And since what is equal is a mean, what is just will be a sort of mean.

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