By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, vital land inequalities stay, particularly in Latin the USA and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the want for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round tips on how to redistribute land peacefully and legally, usually blocking off development on implementation. This booklet specializes in the 'how' of land redistribution as a way to forge higher consensus between land reform practitioners and permit them to make higher offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
Read Online or Download Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) PDF
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Extra info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
In practice, however, only a few countries use this mechanism. For instance, a land tax has existed in Brazil for a long time, but has been fully enforced only recently. It also has been introduced in Namibia, is proposed for 12 AGRICULTURAL LAND REDISTRIBUTION South Africa, and recently was raised in Malawi. The ideal land tax would tax the potential agricultural profit of a particular piece of unimproved or unused land. Unlike a property tax, a land tax would not tax the value of investments on the land or the value of the farmhouse erected on the land.
This often is done with the assistance of other social actors, such as labor or landless-workers’ unions (see chapters 8, 10, and 11) or war veterans and traditional chiefs (see chapter 5). When land is transferred via market mechanisms, the land theoretically is identified by the beneficiaries themselves. In practice, the state or specific stakeholders gather information about land available for sale. Governments also can impose their right of first refusal, meaning that any landowner willing to sell his or her property must offer it to the government first.
Increased access to land by family farmers also can lead to more vibrant local economies. Access to land provides a good social safety net, which induces more farmers to move into nonfarm businesses, given the higher risks associated with entrepreneurship. Family farmers also spend more of their income on locally produced goods and services than do large farms, creating a positive relationship between family farms and nonfarm incomes in the local economy. In China, the broad-based access to land enabled peasants to take increased risk and move into nonfarm activities, and that then produced the boom in small-scale entrepreneurship.