By Rafael Permuy
It is a designated quantity reading the opposing air forces within the Spanish Civil warfare in addition the intervention of the German, Italian, and Soviet air forces of their respective guises. The air campaigns fought in the course of the Spanish Civil warfare caused very important technical and tactical advancements for all events, from the particular deployment of air energy via communications. The small and mostly obsolescent Spanish Air strength of 1936 grew into an efficient scuffling with arm, which through 1937 had develop into an important strength, thank you, partly, to German and Italian aid. The Nationalists fielded Heinkel, Fiat, and Messerschmitt warring parties and Heinkel, Caproni, Savoia-Marchetti, Junkers, and Dornier bombers. those forces entered right into a grinding conflict of attrition over the less-organized yet fiercely prompted Republican air arm over Aragon, and the Jarama and Madrid Fronts, and later over Brunete, Belchite, and the ultimate crusade over the Ebro past due in 1938.
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Extra info for Air War Over Spain: Aviators, Aircraft and Air Units of the Nationalist and Republican Air Forces 1936-1939
_.. as :> HR-TNN (msn 1067) of Honduran airline TAN (Transportes Aereos Nacionales, SA), which owned and operated the 188A between 1970 and 1982, appears in initial and updated colors. The carrier also flew HR-SAV and -TNL (msns 1060 and 1134). S. registration of its former owner, Eastern Air Lines, and the Zairian registration of TRAMACO, which purchased the 188AF in 1987. (Gianfranco Beting) Transafrik operated S9-NAF (msn 2022) in Africa between 1987 and 1991. The final Electra built, this 188CF was sold to Aerovias Guatemala in 1991.
It was among the last Electras to join VARIG's fleet. (Gianfranco Beting) flying similar piston aircraft. The mid-1960s saw a rapid increase in passenger boardings and the Electra joined Ponte Aerea on an irregular basis in the colors of both VARIG and VASP (Viacao Aerea Sao Paulo). FollOWing a rash of accidents, the government banned the use of twoengine aircraft on the Air Bridge in March 1975. Eight VARIG Electras, haVing been replaced on other routes by Boeing 737-200s, were assigned exclusively to Ponte Aerea.
Jon Proctor Collection) Purchased in 1986, this 188CF (SE-IVT, msn 2015) served Falcon Cargo for about five years and was chartered extensively by Channel Express (Terry Waddington) . FALCON CARGO IIlS1l Fiesta Air N300FA (msn 1077, shown) along with N301FA (msn 1020) were operated by Fiesta Air, a small charter carrier based at Long Beach, California, and owned by the Hawthorne Christian College. Electra operations began in the fall of 1971 and continued until the company declared bankruptcy in April 1973.