By Roger Brock, Stephen Hodkinson
This quantity comprises eighteen essays through validated and more youthful historians that study non-democratic substitute political platforms and ideologies--oligarchies, monarchies, combined constitutions--along with assorted sorts of communal and local institutions resembling ethnoi, amphiktyonies, and confederacies. The papers, which span the size and breadth of the Hellenic global spotlight the large political flexibility and variety of old Greek civilization.
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Additional resources for Alternatives to Athens
M. Hall (1997); Morgan (1991; 1997; forthcoming). Introduction: Alternatives to the Democratic Polis 23 entities which constituted, as Zosia Archibald argues in her contribution, not so much an alternative mode of organization to the polis as a di·erent plane of organization in which ‘the state entity was a complex web of social groups, cities, and other settlements’. It is hardly surprising that, contrary to traditional perceptions, such complex social formations were often at the forefront of early Greek socio-political developments—for example, in developments at religious sanctuaries and in the growth of urban centres (Morgan 1997; forthcoming).
Amphiktyonies and confederacies Ethnic a¶liations were also linked to other political formations in which individual communities bonded together in common association, some of which are considered in the last four chapters of the volume. One form of association was the amphiktyony, a grouping of independent communities around a common sanctuary. The late George Forrest’s paper assembles a tantalizing, albeit fragmentary, range of evidence which suggests the prevalence of such associations among the embryonic poleis of archaic Greece.
Her study accordingly poses the central issue of the relationship between regional authority and urban centres. The existence of civic o¶cials in fourth- and third-century Thessaly and Macedonia is attested by an increasing quantity of epigraphic evidence. For earlier periods the main available evidence comes from archaeological survey, which presents the challenge and opportunity of examining long-term developments in the relationship between settlement histories, the use of space, and political organization.