By Ronald N. Satz
The Jacksonian interval has lengthy been well-known as a watershed period in American Indian coverage. Ronald N. Satz’s American Indian coverage within the Jacksonian period makes use of the views of either ethnohistory and public management to investigate the formula, execution, and result of govt guidelines of the 1830s and 1840s. In doing so, he examines the variations among the rhetoric and the realities of these rules and furnishes a much-needed corrective to many simplistic stereo-types approximately Jacksonian Indian policy.
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Additional info for American Indian Policy in the Jacksonian Era
He had already informed several southern governors that he shared their views on the In dian question. The War Department sent special agents to the southern tribes to encourage proremoval sentiment. At the same time, however, in compliance with existing federal law, the War Department issued orders to the army to remove all intruders from Indian country. 2 8 One way in which the president tried to temper the increas ingly volatile situation was to keep channels open with key south ern leaders.
Francis Paul Prucha erroneously asserts, in his "Indian Removal and the Great American Desert," Indiana Magazine of History 59 (De cember 1963): 321 , that "opponents of removal offered little criticism of the policy on the basis of giving the Indians poor land in return for what they relinquished in the East. Nowhere did Long's report enter into the discussion. " Prucha's article has received considerable attention, and Ray Allen Billington changed his interpretation of Indian removal in the re cent edition of his widely used frontier history textbook in order to con form with Prucha's findings.
57 _ . 30 A merican Indian Policy The roll call vote on Hemphill's substitute bill resulted in a tie, ninety-eight to ninety-eight. Speaker of the House Andrew Ste venson, a Virginia Democrat, cast the deciding vote against the measure. 5 8 Following the defeat of Hemphill's alternative measure, John Bell adroitly maneuvered to bring the administration bill to a final vote. Bell assured wavering Democrats who had supported Hem phill that "no three living men could perform the duties proposed" by the defeated substitute bill in less than two years.